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Excavation  // Browsing posts in Excavation

19 Feb Posted by in Excavation | Comments Off on Excavation Techniques

Excavation Techniques

Yellow excavatorConstruction can be a very complex undertaking. When doing construction, an important part of the process is excavation. But what is excavation? – Excavation is a form of digging holes to replace, upgrade, or move soil. There are different types of excavation, and each is used for a specific purpose:

1. Horizontal Excavation

This type of excavation technique is used in shallow environments. Typically, this is used for home excavation because of lawn grading and lawn excavation doesn’t go as deep as a lot of commercial excavation.

This is one of the excavation techniques used in shallow sites where there is light or no commercial and residential buildings existing at all. This excavation is done horizontally because the danger of structural damages is avoided.

2. Vertical Excavation

This can be a very common type of excavation. Contractors will use this technique in large areas for commercial purposes because it exposes additional layers of rock.

3. Hybrid Excavation

Outside of horizontal and vertical methods are the hybrid excavation technique. It is a combination, or hybrid, of the previous two and is helpful when deep excavation is needed, such as in commercial land clearing.

4. Cofferdams

One of the most useful techniques of excavation, cofferdams are helpful for waterlogged spaces. However, this method does bring a greater risk of collapse during the process.

5. Step Trenching

This method is a common way of doing residential land clearing when deep excavation is needed. As you go deeper into the dig, the steps are narrower and narrower. Before diving into this excavation technique, contractors should conduct proper research on the surrounding soil by hiring licensed professionals.

Excavation is a varied industry. With so many applications, it depends on the needs as to what technique will be used.

05 Feb Posted by in Blog, Excavation | Comments Off on Benefits of Topsoil Use

Benefits of Topsoil Use

hands with black soilAnyone who has had lawn, garden, or basement moisture issues may want to consider applying topsoil to their property. Topsoil offers a number of advantages that can keep a property’s soil more functional and free of problems, as well as enhance its overall value.

Level out a lawn

Topsoil can be used to level out pits, gullies, ditches, and dips in the topography of a property’s lawn. Lawn grading by evening out the top level of soil makes the lawn easier to care for, including mowing, fertilizing, and treating weeds or pests. A neat lawn is enjoyable for tenants and appreciated by neighbors.

Evenly grade the property

Buying a lot for building purposes may require some evening out of certain areas before construction. Applying topsoil helps to create an even surface on top of fill dirt that makes residential land clearing easier when constructing a home or commercial land clearing for business development. Topsoil also facilitates the addition of landscape later in the project.

Prepare a garden

Whether planning a flower garden or vegetable garden, topsoil usage helps to establish a well-manicured area for smooth planting, tending, and with vegetables, harvesting. Keeping the area balanced leads to faster, more efficient gardening work.

Prevent erosion

Adding topsoil to any type of ground can help to prevent lawn erosion or general property erosion. Topsoil can be laid between trees to stabilize a boundary line, or it can be used around a home’s foundation to keep land from washing away during heavy rain and dripping into the foundation or basement.

Topsoil protects and enhances property in many ways like those indicated above. At reasonable cost with minimal effort, it is a good investment for maintaining and extending a property’s usage.

29 Jan Posted by in Blog, Excavation, Land Clearing | Comments Off on What is A Leach Field?

What is A Leach Field?

drainageA leach field, simply put, is the area where water within a septic system drains back into the soil of the building where it is located. Leach fields are attached to septic systems which are used when there are no city sewer facilities. These systems can be residential or commercial. When done properly they will work for many years. When not done properly they can cause lawn erosion.

Septic Systems And Leach Fields

Whenever liquids go down any drain in a building without a sewer hookup they go into the septic system. These systems have a tank for solids where the solids will break down over time. The liquids continue their journey and are dispersed through a series of pipes which have small holes and are laid on top of gravel. The liquids disperse through these pipes and into the ground. This is called a leach field as the pipes are generally spread out over at least ten square feet and the pipes are laid in lines next to each other. Some systems are linear but the concept is the same.

Land Clearing

Whenever a home or commercial building is constructed with a septic system land clearing is a major factor. Trees cannot be allowed to grow near a leach field as they will interfere with the safe dispersal of these liquids. Commercial land clearing is necessary for clearing an area when a business is involved. The leach field for a business is much larger and spreads further. A residential land clearing company can efficiently remove trees for a residential leach field.

Lawn Grading And Erosion

The purpose of a leach field is safe water dispersal. The lawn of a building may need grading to ensure the leach field has sufficient soil in order to work properly. Some counties require a mound of dirt over an elevated leach field. This is due to local drainage issues. Hiring a professional to properly grade a lawn in the area of a leach field will prevent lawn erosion. It will help to maintain the proper function of the leach field.

Leach fields are a necessary part of any septic system. Proper installation requires a large enough leach field to handle the volume of liquids as well as tree clearance to stop tree roots from invading the field. Proper lawn grading prevents soil erosion in the leach field area.

08 Jan Posted by in Blog, Excavation | Comments Off on Going Green

Going Green

going greenPeople are increasingly looking for ways to maintain a healthy home and environment. They want to eliminate exposure to mold, carbon monoxide, and radon. They also seek to protect their children, property, and pets from the harmful effects of toxic pesticides, herbicides, and fertilizers. Property owners are pursuing the expertise of eco-friendly companies to clear land and properly dispose of debris.


Eco-friendly commercial land clearing involves removing trees and brush without the use of the three “B’s” – bulldozing, burning, and burying. These methods are destructive to the environment.

Bulldozing – This destroys topsoil and the roots of grass and plants. It creates deep holes that cost a fortune to fill. It also results in erosion problems.

Burning – This method runs the risk of triggering forest fires. Burning torches the land several inches down, killing the nutrients, oxygen, and microbes needed by plants to survive. The heat and smoke resulting from burning can singe and choke surrounding trees. The damage caused by burning can take more than three years to repair.

Burning also impacts human health.

  • Ash – Particle pollution is created by leaf burning, resulting in ash. This can lodge within the lungs and trigger heart attack, cardiac arrhythmia, and respiratory disease. Ash worsens symptoms of asthma, bronchitis, and emphysema. Ash may contain metals since plants can absorb them from soil and water. Cadmium can cause kidney and lung disease. Mercury can damage the kidneys and nervous system. It can also cause developmental delay in children. Chromium harms the respiratory system and can be carcinogenic.
  • VOC – Volatile organic compounds, abbreviated “VOC,” are also released by burning leaves. These can create difficulty breathing, especially in those with existing respiratory disease such as asthma.
  • Carbon Monoxide – When leaves are burned and not entirely incinerated, carbon monoxide is produced. It is absorbed by the bloodstream, reducing the body’s oxygen supply.

Burying – The disadvantages of burying debris are:

  • Significant space is needed.
  • Environmental monitoring is required.
  • Contamination may result.
  • Predators may be attracted.
  • Rodent control is required.

Hauling – Hauling away plant debris is costly. Eight truckloads of brush can be reduced to one load of residue through shredding or chipping.1/ Hauling involves increased expenses for labor, transportation, and disposal.


Forest Tree Mulchers – A forest tree mulcher is an effective green alternative to bulldozing, burning, and burying. This type of machine clears brush, stumps, and trees by grinding them into mulch. It exerts low ground pressure. A forest tree mulcher preserves top soil and grass roots, minimizing environmental damage. Surrounding trees and land are also protected. There is no damage to roots of neighboring trees. Mulch supplies nutrients to soil and promotes moisture retention. There is no disruption to wildlife. A forest tree mulcher is the most earth-friendly land clearing method currently available. It is also economical, eliminating the cost of re-building and cleaning up.

Horizontal Grinders – A horizontal grinder promotes efficiency on a large tree-clearing job. It enables on-site processing of trees and stumps. The resulting chips can be spread over soil for erosion control.


Eco-friendly commercial lawn maintenance involves using alternatives to toxic chemicals. Choose a company that will:

1. Leave grass clippings on the lawn and let them decompose, which produces a natural fertilizer.

2. Mow grass to a height of 3 inches. Taller grass has a greater leaf surface and deeper roots, which can result in less weed growth.

3. Perform a soil test to determine what your lawn requires in terms of nutrients, organic matter, and pH adjustments. Soil testing will reveal how much nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, lime, and sulfur are needed. Too much phosphorus and nitrogen are harmful to lakes, oceans, rivers, and drinking water. Other excessive nutrients can reduce drought tolerance, increase vulnerability to insects and disease, and even kill grass by burning roots and foliage.

4. Use organic fertilizers. Examples are alfalfa meal, poultry meal, and composted manure. These naturally contain small amounts of phosphorus. Organic fertilizers also:

  • improve the growth of roots
  • stimulate beneficial soil life
  • reduce drought stress
  • promote the safety of pets and children

5. Aerate the lawn. Compacted soil inhibits the growth of grass.

6. Use natural fungicide for treatment of mushrooms and other fungi.

7. Sow turfgrass species known for high quality, density, stress tolerance, fewer pest problems, less water needs, and lower nutrient requirements.

8. Use compost as a soil amendment. The fiber in compost promotes moisture retention and aeration. It also increases the growth of beneficial soil microbes.

9. Use electric mowers versus gas-powered machines.

Customer Support of Eco-Friendly Lawn Care

In addition, you can support eco-friendly commercial lawn care by conserving water. The following practices will help achieve this:

1. Water grass in the early morning to minimize evaporation. Water deeply to 1 inch. This encourages the growth of deep roots and increases drought tolerance. Use the following types of sprinklers:

  • oscillating – for a square or rectangular lawn
  • impulse – for a round or curved lawn

2. Be happy with a less-than-perfect lawn. Take the pressure off yourself. Your lawn doesn’t have to look like a golf course. A “good-enough” lawn results in less waste of natural resources.


Residential land clearing may be done to expand a yard or outdoor living space. It can also involve clearing land as a preparation for building. Residential land clearing includes removal of brush, trees, vines, and thorns. As with commercial operations, forestry mulching is the eco-friendly method of choice. Mulchers grind trees and stumps flush with the ground and deliver a nutrient-rich mulch to the soil.


You can support eco-friendly snow removal by choosing a company that uses snow and ice management with minimal environmental impact. Such companies fuel their vehicles with bio-diesel and recycled vegetable oil. They use ice melt products that don’t damage property.


Demolition of a home may be a cheaper alternative to renovating an existing home. The cost of a major renovation can outweigh that of demolishing and re-building. A demolition can be partial or full. A partial demolition may involve knocking down part of a structure or leaving up a certain wall. In this way, the original charm of a home can be retained. Demolition work can also involve asbestos removal and clearing land of vegetation.

A demolition company must be responsible to:

  • protect nearby property and structures
  • ensure the area remains safe
  • arrange for disposal or salvage of demolition waste

A company performing eco-friendly demolition will use the following practices:

  • Maintain equipment to manufacturer specifications for optimal performance.
  • Turn off equipment versus idling to reduce emissions.
  • Use low-emission fuel and fuel additives.
  • Properly dispose of hazardous waste such as fluorescent bulbs, paint, aerosols, petroleum products, and electronic waste. These items are appropriately brought to Materials Recovery Facilities (MRFs).
  • Recycle concrete, wood, and metal removed from property.


The following green products are used by eco-friendly demolition companies:

Rip Rap – This is a permanent erosion-resistant layer of stones. It protects soil from erosion in areas of run-off. It is used for slope and storm drains.

Surge Rock – This rock is 3 to 8 inches in size. It stops soil erosion and is used around drainage pipes and ditches.

Natural Wood Mulch – Derived from 100% natural wood, this is used to control weeds, maintain soil moisture, and reduce erosion.

Top Soil – This is specially screened to eliminate rocks and is used as a dressing on landscape areas that will be sodded or seeded.


By getting on the green bandwagon, people are protecting the lives of their loved ones as well as the environment. It’s a wise investment in the future for our children and our precious earth. Join the movement and reap the benefits of a healthier life!

13 Nov Posted by in Blog, Excavation | Comments Off on Thinking About Removing That Swimming Pool

Thinking About Removing That Swimming Pool

removing swimming pool

The cost of removing a swimming pool varies. Usually, it is determined by the procedures that must be implemented.

A typical pool removal process involves removing the pool deck. Then, workers drain the pool by punching holes in the liner. At this point, the pool can be backfilled, and other landscaping material can placed in the empty spot. This removal process is the cheapest option.

Though, in situations where future building is planned, workers will need to destroy the pool structure. Usually, they bury the materials in the ground if local laws allow it. Because destroying and hauling require a lot of labor, homeowners usually pay about $10,000 for this kind of removal project.

Swimming Pool Removal Workers Use The Safest Demolition Equipment

A swimming pool has a solid concrete surface that is usually 12 inches thick. The structure is also reinforced with rebar. To destroy the material effectively, an excavator that has a Jack Hammer attachment must be used. An excavator is an efficient demolition tool because workers can use the device while stationary, and they can turn the turret while they work. It is a safe device because workers can stand 10 feet from the concrete as it breaks.

Professional demolition workers never destroy concrete with a Skid Steer that has a breaker attachment because it is dangerous. The device will tip over because it is not designed for over head construction tasks.

Although a Skid Steer is not an ideal demolition tool, it is a great concrete and dirt removal tool. By using the grapple attachment, the Skid Steer can safely move dirt and debris out a swimming pool. A Skid Steer can also move debris from a pool cavity. For this task, a bucket attachment is required because it spreads the material evenly.

Overall, if you hire a company that provides safe and resourceful demolition services, your pool will be removed successfully without any risks.

30 Oct Posted by in Blog, Excavation | Comments Off on Grading or Excavating? Which is Right For You?

Grading or Excavating? Which is Right For You?

Land clearingFor those home or business owners who are considering improvements to their property, hiring professional contractors will be required. Whether the project involves land clearing or excavation, hiring professionals offers peace of mind knowing that the right equipment will be used and the job will be done safely and effectively.

Before hiring a company to handle site work, it’s important for home and business owners to understand the fundamental differences between excavation and grading.

Whether a project is commercial or residential, site work will be necessary in order to make improvements or prepare for scheduled construction. For wooded properties, this means starting with land clearing. Commercial and residential land clearing involves removing and processing trees and associated growth in order to prepare for further site work.

Once a property has been cleared, contractors can begin the excavation process. In a nutshell, excavation means moving earth. Whether it’s preparing for a road, driveway, or foundation site, excavating contractors will remove stumps, boulders, organic material, and anything that might get in the way of improvements.

Once excavation has been completed, contractors have a good starting point to begin other projects, and this is where residential and commercial grading come into play. Now that stumps, rocks, and other obstacles are not an issue, the property can be leveled and contoured to accommodate further construction.

When considering a driveway, for example, residential grading would be used to level and shape the driveway to provide a safe and well engineered surface to drive on.

From residential and commercial land clearing to excavation and grading, the process is a simple progression that prepares property for commercial and residential use. Whether it’s excavating a foundation to build a new home, or grading the landscape to prepare for an expansive yard, both require an experienced contractor to ensure the job is done correctly.


23 Oct Posted by in Blog, Excavation | Comments Off on Preparing The Ground For Your New Home

Preparing The Ground For Your New Home

new home groundWhen planning on building a new home, the very first step is to “break ground” and clear the land. Site preparation is extremely important, as this is where the foundation of your home will be built. After you have selected the perfect lot for your new home and have prepared a site plan, it’s time to prepare the ground for building. Because there is a lot that goes into land clearing, it is important to choose wisely when selecting a reliable excavation company. Professionals in this field will understand the ins and outs of land clearing and things that may need to be done in order to level out the ground.

Site preparation for a new home includes clearing away trees from the building site, completing rough grading that may be necessary and staking the location where the home will be built for easy installation of the foundation and footings. An experienced residential land clearing company will be able to work with you to meet all of your wants and needs. For example, you may choose to keep some trees that the land clearing must be done around. Other things that will be taken into consideration when clearing the ground include well and septic tank locations, distance to utility line hookups, your relationship to other homes in the area, topography, setbacks and more.

Because there is likely to be a great deal of debris after clearing the land, the residential land clearing company is able to conveniently haul it all away for you. If your new home will have a basement, not only will the land need to be cleared, but it will also need to be excavated. Because this can be very time consuming and can leave you with large amounts of left over dirt, you’ll want to select a land clearing company that not only clears that land, but that will also excavate it for you. By taking advantage of these services, you are making the home building process a lot easier and much more efficient from the very beginning.

26 Jul Posted by in Blog, Excavation | Comments Off on Avoid Heat Exhaustion with These Helpful Tips

Avoid Heat Exhaustion with These Helpful Tips

working outsideWhen exposed to consistent high temperatures, anyone will run the risk of experiencing heat exhaustion and dehydration. This is essentially when the body becomes overheated, and may progress to a heat-stroke if ignored for any length of time.

Although children and the elderly are more susceptible to heat exhaustion, it will effect anyone. Lawn maintenance crews, outdoor laborers, and excavator operators are examples of outdoor jobs that put workers at risk.

There are a number of tips that will help to avoid potential heat exhaustion.

1. Clothing

Wearing lightweight, loose-fitting clothing is important. Dark, tight clothing will hold in heat and make it difficult for sweat to evaporate. Wearing a wide brim hat will also help to keep a cool head and avoid sunburn.

2. Drink Fluids

If you’re a contractor or lawn maintenance worker, make certain to drink plenty of fluids throughout the day. This will help to avoid dehydration. Water, fruit juices, and vegetable juice are recommended. Always avoid beverages containing alcohol and caffeine. Both will cause your body to lose valuable fluids.

3. Get Out Of The Heat

Whenever possible, outside work should be scheduled during the coolest part of the day. When this isn’t possible, head for the shade during break time and rehydrate while you’re resting.

4. Use Sunscreen

It’s important to avoid getting sunburn, as this will reduce your body’s ability to shed excess heat.

5. Avoid Hot Spots

You don’t need direct exposure to the sun to cause heat exhaustion. Excavator operators who work in a closed-cab machine are just as likely to be victims. Find an air-conditioned space to bring down your body temperature if you start to feel weak or light-headed.

Prevention is the best course of action. Once you begin to experience heat exhaustion and dehydration, the ship has sailed. When this happens, it’s critical to stop activity, get out of the heat, and seek medical attention when necessary.

17 Jul Posted by in Blog, Excavation | Comments Off on Prepping for New Construction? Your Guide to Site Excavation

Prepping for New Construction? Your Guide to Site Excavation

land excavation 7_17Are you beginning New Construction?

New construction can be overwhelming. If you plan on digging or begin digging without education and knowledge, you may damage infrastructure elements such as; gas lines, sewer lines, electrical and more. This could end up costing you fines, time and money. You can easily avoid these hassles by letting a professional excavation service take care of the hassles.

A Professional Site Excavation service will handle things you may not even be aware of. When excavating there are many things a professional will know how to do. Site excavation is a process, in which rock and soil as well as other materials are removed from a site. With new construction on roads, buildings, and other structures, site excavation is among the earliest stages. Excavation is done to create a clean, level work area, with foundations established in the excavated area.

Your site might also be back-filled and excavated to confirm the material directly under the site is high quality. The site excavation depth of can vary; depending on you may be building and where the building is occurring.

Within the United States, builders have to follow federal excavation safety standards. Standards are developed and enforced by the US – Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA). It is extremely important to hire a professional for site excavation. These professionals have specialized equipment and workers to handle a variety of excavations.

Professional Site Excavation Services deal with everything from construction to prevent side walls collapsing as well as organizing safe removal of excavated material. Hiring a professional usually ensures the excavation is conducted competently and safely. The professional reduces the risk of future problems on the site.

19 Jun Posted by in Blog, Excavation, Land Clearing | Comments Off on Get Your Ground Ready for a Swimming Pool: Hire an Excavation Company

Get Your Ground Ready for a Swimming Pool: Hire an Excavation Company

To beat the summer heat, you jump into your in ground swimming pool to cool off and maybe work on a tan. If you do not have a swimming pool, you are probably looking at your backyard wishing you did. Excavators are an important part of the swimming pool process and help prep the ground before your pool goes into it. It is important for the ground to be done right, otherwise you could end up with cracks in your pool. Excavation is needed for all in ground pools and it is the foundation work for your pool.

The Process

The first thing that needs to be done is preparing the layout. You and your contractor will go over how big the pool is, where you want it, and more. The contractor will look around at the yard and judge the ground. This lets him know how to prepare for the job ahead.

Next, he will then begin marking the lines where he will be digging. You will often see white paint lines throughout your yard marking where the digging will occur. These lines help remind him where he needs to excavate. After the lines are down, excavation can begin. You will notice that your contractor begins removing dirt from the ground.

As the excavation continues, you will notice that the area of the ground that is dug out is different in all places. This is because the deep end of the pool needs more dirt dug out than the shallow end of the pool.

Once all of the dirt has been removed from the ground, the rest of the work must be done by hand. This includes getting those fine lines dug out and rounding off any edges to ensure that the pool will have the perfect fit.

Once everything is ready, the pool will be placed into the hole and the contractor will fill any open areas with dirt that was excavated.

The process requires time and dedication to get it done. All of the holes need to be the perfect size and the excavation company must pay attention to what they are doing so that your pool fits properly and does not become damaged.

Contact an Excavation Company Today

If you are looking to have a pool put in your yard for the summer, hire Real Tree, Inc. to help you get your ground ready.