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Excavation  // Browsing posts in Excavation

03 Apr Posted by in Blog, Excavation, Land Clearing | Comments Off on What the Heck Is Land Excavation?

What the Heck Is Land Excavation?

land gradingWhen you buy land, it must be excavated to make it more functional and appropriate for your uses. Roads are necessary for bringing in equipment, and you may need larger spaces cleared for building structures or engaging in other activities. Here is what you should know about land clearing if you’re considering investing in unimproved lots.

Removal of Debris

Brush, stones, trees, stumps and other obstacles crowd the land and make even level areas unusable. With land clearing, all of the debris is removed to open up space and make the land ready for construction or other development. The lumber can be dried and used as firewood for your own use, or you can sell the lumber to help offset expenses. Rocks can sometimes be sold, and other debris will have to be disposed of by the clearing company or in another area of the property.

Excavation and Heavy Digging

After the land is cleared, it may need to be excavated. Professionals use heavy equipment to excavate basements, crawlspaces and foundations for slabs. Excavation is necessary for any structure that will require footers. Land can be excavated on almost any level ranging from a small home to a massive skyscraper. Professional companies can haul away the dirt that is dug out. If you’re doing a smaller excavation project on your own, such as for a pool, then you might be able to offer the fill dirt to people who are trying to fill in old ponds or level out their yards.

Before deciding if you will handle the excavation and clearing on your own, consider the time involved and the disposal challenges. Part of the fee for professionals includes the cost of disposal. Experienced companies also have heavy equipment that makes the process faster and safer. If you’re going to attempt to do this work on your own, consider renting equipment, and make arrangements for disposal ahead of time to avoid complications.

13 Mar Posted by in Blog, Excavation | Comments Off on Everything You’ve Ever Wanted to Know About Excavation

Everything You’ve Ever Wanted to Know About Excavation

ExcavationIf you are about to dig into a project at home that deals with excavation, be sure you have a good understanding of what it is all about. People will often try the do-it-yourself approach and end up with more headaches than they started with. When in doubt, turn to the professionals. Here are some basic tips about excavation.

Excavation is Dangerous

Before tackling that excavation process, be aware of the dangers involved. When digging a man-made depression, trench in the ground, or forming a cavity, it involves shifting the earth. One mistake and you can find yourself trapped under the crushing weight of the soil. You need to have the proper equipment and know the best approach in order to avoid danger to yourself and others. You also don’t want to disturb the surroundings. Trench collapses and falls can be deadly.

The First Order of Business is Protection

When doing excavation, it is important to put protective systems into place. This can involve a type of aluminum support or sloping, in which the trench wall is cut in such a way that it creates an angle, avoiding too much pressure on the trench. You need to be aware of the presence of water in the soil, what type of soil it is, if there are any other activities going on in the area that could disturb the soil, and if weather will be a factor.

Turn to a Professional

When in doubt, turn to a professional to give you advice about your excavation project, the proper steps to take, and what equipment is needed. If you do not have the skills and knowledge to do the job safely, there’s no shame in hiring an excavation service to get the job done for you.

18 Feb Posted by in Blog, Excavation, Land Clearing | Comments Off on What You Need to Know About Land Excavation

What You Need to Know About Land Excavation

Land ExcavationLand excavation is used for a variety of applications on a residential, commercial and industrial scale. Homes may need excavations for a brand new in ground swimming pool project. The ground has to physically be removed to create a space deep enough to accommodate the basin of the pool. Similarly, a residential property needs a land excavation to install a septic tank system that needs to be completely underground. Residential land excavations require the proper permits from the local departments of zoning in a given community. Homeowners can’t just start digging through their land without having the permission of the town or city.

On a much larger scale, land excavations are done to install essential infrastructure such as water and gas supply lines. There is a tremendous network of pipes underneath every residential street. The installations are carefully mapped out so that future excavations can easily locate the pipes. In fact, striking buried pipes is a major risk of any land excavation project. Gas lines that are accidentally hit may burst and cause a tremendous accumulation of explosive content in the ground.

This can lead to significant explosions that can blow away entire homes and buildings. Therefore, only qualified excavating professionals that have the right equipment can dig out the ground to prevent explosions. Similarly, there is a risk of hitting water main lines when excavating the ground. Such accidents can cause major leaks that spread onto the local roads and cause traffic delays and other problems such as minor flooding.

An excavator is the most common type of vehicle that is used for excavation projects on construction sites, local roads and residential properties. An excavator tractor is a smaller type of vehicle that can be used for minor projects that require removing dirt and other material from the ground.

02 Jan Posted by in Blog, Excavation, Land Clearing | Comments Off on How to Grade and Level Your Soil

How to Grade and Level Your Soil

grading soilGrading landscape can often be a harrowing task, but it doesn’t have to be!

In order to level your property, begin by breaking up the topsoil so that it becomes loose and easy to work with. After loosening the soil, take a landscaping rake and roughly level the soil with the rake to produce the desired effect.

Once you have the soil roughly level, take a two by four and lay it down on the edge of the area which you are leveling. The two by four is used similarly to a screed in cement work. Proceed to drag the two by four across the area you are leveling. This final leveling ensures that the area is absolutely board flat. Any low levels can be seen as the two by four is dragged along the property, and should be filled in accordingly. Any high levels will cause the board to become raised, although if the soil was properly loosened, the two by four will simply push the earth forward, allowing for a flat surface. Soil from the high levels can be used to fill in any ditches you might find.

If you plan to lay sod on the landscaping, or your intention is a perfectly flat area, use a level to ensure that no slope exists. If, however, you are grading the landscape to prevent water runoff from damaging your home or shed, the gradient should be set at about one inch per foot so that the water rolls away from the building.

14 Nov Posted by in Blog, Excavation | Comments Off on Common Excavation Methods

Common Excavation Methods

Land ClearingExcavation is performed for a variety of purposes, but one of the instances in which it is most likely to take place is during a construction project. There are several different techniques that are used to excavate land, and the type chosen depends on the kind of site being excavated.

One form of this is horizontal excavation. This kind of excavation is used when the structure needs to be maintained. The machine used for excavating is operated using a horizontal motion.

In the case of vertical excavation, the excavator is used to remove the layers of earth one by one. Many times this creates a vertical column of layers of soil or sediment that are visible. This kind of excavation is used to minimize the surface area disturbed, especially if it is in an area with many commercial buildings or residential properties.

When there is a need to dig deep into the earth and also have an expansive, horizontal excavation, a mix of the horizontal and vertical techniques is used. This is known as hybrid excavation.

Another type of excavation is known as step trenching. A deep trench is dug, with steps formed.

When doing excavations, a cofferdam can be constructed as well, which is a structure for water retention that holds water while the soil is dried. When moisture affecting the site has the potential to cause the collapse of the walls, this is a common technique. A specific form of this involves the use of sheet piles and braces, which forms a kind of box structure that prevents collapse of the site.

17 Oct Posted by in Blog, Excavation | Comments Off on Excavating Contractors – Vital For Construction

Excavating Contractors – Vital For Construction

What is ExcavatingResearching and hiring the best finishing contractor is usually the top priority for construction projects to create the best final appearance. Your project’s quality depends largely on excavating contractors because they form a level and solid base to your project, from walkways to home foundations.

Depth Matters

Even a small structure needs a proper base for long-term stability. Excavating contractors dig down to a specific depth to create quality concrete pours or gravel installations. If you have a thin base for a large structure, it is possible that the foundation could buckle and cause severe damage to the building itself.

Soils Differ

Whether you have sand or clay-based soil, each construction site must be compacted to form a sturdy building base. For example, contractors amend sandy soils with organic materials that hold more moisture. The ground has better stability with a mixture of different soils. Using a plate compactor or larger machine, excavating contractors compact the area before applying any foundational features.

Drainage Concerns

Any structure needs proper drainage away from the foundation to avoid soil flooding and base instability. Excavating contractors level the ground before an installation and also create a slope. With a slight slope to the ground, water moves away from the structure rather than pooling. Liquified soil contributes to building failure and sink holes.

Safety Issues

Excavating contractors’ top priority is safety. If you have a large project, they determine if it is feasible in the desired location. Overhead power lines and underground gas pipes are dangerous obstacles for construction workers. Excavating contractors survey the area before digging into the ground to keep all workers safe.

A quality construction project starts with an experienced excavation contractor. A firm base provides the strength for a structure to last many years. Watch these workers in action to see the importance of their craft.

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03 Oct Posted by in Blog, Excavation, Land Clearing | Comments Off on Preparing Raw Land for Building your Home

Preparing Raw Land for Building your Home

Land ClearingWe are no longer pioneers who can find a nice spot, clear some trees and build a house. No, there is preparation that must be done before you can build your dream house.

One is picking the right company for land clearing. There are some steps a landowner can take to make a good decision on land clearing.

First, know your land. You should arrange for someone to survey it to make sure of its boundaries and topography. This will help when you interview land clearing companies because some land may have unique topography that requires special equipment.

Second, get to know your permitting offices. Ask about land clearing service requirements and who holds the permits.

Now, look for a good land clearing company. Don’t limit yourself to Internet research. Look in the yellow business directory too. Another good resource is the local chamber of commerce. They have lists of chamber members specializing in various areas.

Interviewing a company about their business is the toughest part of any deal. It’s the time when you are trying to gauge their trustworthiness and dependability. There are some signs to look for that will indicate how they will be on the job.

For instance, if company officials are late or don’t call you back within 24 hours, you might want to look elsewhere. They are either too busy with other work to give attention to your business or are disorganized.

Ask company officials if they have access to special equipment and how long it will take them to complete the job. Ask if they have that put into a written contract and have the contract looked over by an attorney before signing.

These steps will help guarantee that your rights are protected and the job gets done.

27 Sep Posted by in Blog, Excavation | Comments Off on What Services Are Provided by an Excavation Company?

What Services Are Provided by an Excavation Company?

Land ClearingWhen you need something done to the ground, you’re more than likely going to call an excavation company. These are companies that have the heavy equipment necessary to dig, move, and relocate dirt to achieve certain outcomes.

Digging

One of the most common things people need an excavation company for is to dig. This may be using a backhoe to dig a trench for wires or pipes, or digging out a large and precise area so that a home or other building’s foundation can be put down.

Digging is generally required no matter what kind of construction project is going on, since the ground under the foundation needs to be level and firm.

Dirt Moving and Removal

Once the digging has been completed, the excavation company will likely need to remove or at least relocate the dirt that was dug up. Sometimes this dirt will be used to level other spots on the jobsite, but other times it just needs to be removed altogether.

Repairs

While excavation companies are generally called in for new construction, they are also often called in for repair work. If a road, driveway, or patio needs to be removed due to damage, professional excavators are often the ones to call. They can also usually help with damaged septic tanks and other sewage problems, depending on the company.

Basically, anything having to do with digging or dirt work should be left in the capable hands of a professional excavation company. They can make sure that the job is done quickly, safely, and to the precise standards that it requires, whether it is residential or commercial work.

11 Jul Posted by in Blog, Demolition, Excavation, Grading, Land Clearing, Sod, Tree Removal | Comments Off on Crew Protection is a Top Priority

Crew Protection is a Top Priority

Crew SafetyCrew Protection Is Everyone’s Business

Businesses with crews working in a local residential area take precautions of insuring worker safety and protection through costly liability policies. Crew protection should be a top priority for everyone, including residents and drivers in or near locations where land is cleared, trees are removed or sod is installed or replaced. Help protect crews. Be ready to cooperate with the work to be done. In this way, residents, drivers and crews are simultaneously protected from injury and everyone can return home safely. Safety first always includes common courtesy initiatives and cooperation.

Be Aware, Spread the Word and Play It Safe

Often, local municipalities do not alert residents and drivers in advance of specific work projects in progress. This creates a bit of animosity toward crews charged with the duties of completing their work efficiently, expediently and effectively. Removing trees can be extremely dangerous. Crews take safety measures to insure that limbs of trees are removed without additional damage to the work area. New construction and land clearing always mandates the use of heavy duty equipment. It’s common courtesy to remain far away from these work areas to insure personal safety and the safety of working crews. These types of jobs require intense concentration on each phase of the work. Unnecessary interruptions by residents or drivers attempting to pass through work areas disrupt workflow and become dangerous to crews. Be aware of work to be done in your area. If work has already begun, call your local municipality for details and ask what your responsibilities to crew safety may be. Then, play it safe and spread the word to neighbors and local schools located in the work area. This will increase your personal safety and that of the crew. Safety first is always the top priority.

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02 May Posted by in Blog, Excavation, Grading | Comments Off on 3 Ways to Prevent Landscape Flooding

3 Ways to Prevent Landscape Flooding

Landscape FloodingRainwater can cause an increase in the flow of water in the yards. Water can drain from the roof of the home, driveways and walkways into the yard or garden. Drainage issues can create small ponds or soggy areas in the landscape. A professional landscaper will need to be consulted to discover some ways to prevent the flooding.

Professional grading and excavating can prepare the yard for proper drainage. The grading will direct the water to a new path after a large rainfall. Landscapes with the wrong soil type or wrong slope can cause the water to run toward a home instead of away from it, but with the proper grading, the water will be prevented from going toward the home.

Soil can erode quickly during a flood. The soil will form a gulley or a trench making the landscape look more like a river when it rains. The solution is to plant grass with strong root systems. The roots will hold the dirt together making it harder for the floodwaters to remain in the yard. However, a professional will be needed to make sure that the land is prepared correctly for the grass and other plants to grow successfully. The plants will provide a protective shield between the land and the floodwaters.

A professional can install drainage systems or pumps to carry the water away from the home if the other solutions do not solve the issue. The landscapers will dig a sloped ditch or trench to enable the water to drain properly. They will place drain tiles or pipes in the ditch to aid in water removal. This method will need to be done properly to work successfully.

Flood prevention is necessary to prevent damage to the lawn and foundation of the home. In addition, the standing water in the yard can breed mosquitoes and other pests. Therefore, if water drainage is a problem, a professional landscaper will be needed to change the way the lawn collects water to safeguard the home against damage.

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