You can repair your winter-wounded lawn and have a luscious, healthy carpet of grass to walk on and enjoy this spring. When you perform each step, results will depend on your area and the type of grass you have. Before spring arrives, do the following:
• Kill weeds before they start with a pre-emergent weed killer. Follow the manufacturer’s directions in order to provide the best coverage for your lawn. Keep pets and children off the lawn during this step.
• If you have problems with ants, grubs, fire ants or other damaging insects, hit them before they get a chance to become established. Be sure to use the right insecticide for the problem.
• As your new grass begins to emerge, give it a good feeding with an organic fertilizer. Be sure to follow the manufacturer’s recommendations for adequate coverage. Use only enough water to soak the fertilizer into the ground.
• For dead spots, rake any old plant material away and cover with seed that matches your grass. Water according to the supplier’s instructions.
• Allow your grass to grow at least five inches tall before the first mowing.
• Sharpen your lawn mower’s blades and tune it well before using it. Dull blades will tear the grass and encourage disease and insect infestation.
• Only cut one-third of your lawn’s height at a time. If you need to use a ruler to measure your grass, go ahead. Set your mower’s blades accordingly and make one pass over the yard.
• Mow again the following week, removing one-third of the lawn’s height. When your grass reaches the best height for the species, only mow as needed to maintain it.
• If the lawn overgrows, repeat the process of removing one-third of the height at a time to avoid killing the grass through shock.
It is not hard to have a great looking lawn. By maintaining your lawn properly, it will stand out as the best in the neighborhood.
Make your final choice easier by identifying the role that you want your lawn to play. The types of grasses in seed or established rolls of sod available in your area will play and important role.
Some grass types are more fitting than others for high traffic areas. Others are more fitting if you are attempting to plant a delicate looking lawn as a piece of your beautiful landscaping plan.
The most obvious reason to lay sod in the spring when danger of a frost has passed is the advantage of having a lush lawn in a short amount of time. The sod can be laid as soon as the soil is dry enough to work. As long as proper attention to nutritional needs has been met, the sod will quickly establish itself. This is especially important to homeowners who may face problems of erosion.
A sod lawn discourages the growth of weeds that can plague gardeners who choose to re-seed their lawns rather than laying sod for spring. Weeds flourish during the early planting season and will compete with grass seed for nutrients. The early hindrance of weeds will make maintenance easier during the growing season.
Consider the time available to establish the lawn in the weeks after re-seeding or laying sod for spring. Either option needs a lot of moisture as it starts to grow. Re-seeded areas of grass will dry out more quickly that sodded areas. While sod has to be watered at least twice a day, a newly re-seeded area usually needs to be watered more often to keep the soil moist enough for the grasses to survive.
Warm Season Grasses
Climates that support warm season grasses typically have very hot, dry summers. Warm season grasses are typically drought resistant as well.
Bahia: Bahia is one type of grass that does best in warm climates; it does not tolerate cold temperatures well. Bahia is somewhat drought resistant, and it can tolerate shade or sun. While this type of grass can tolerate most soil types, it does not fare well in soil with a high pH.
Bermuda: Bermuda is another type of grass that does well in warm climates. Bermuda does not tolerate shade or cold temperatures well. This type of grass is good for homes with children or pets as it is not easily damaged by a lot of traffic.
St. Augustine: Another type of warm season grass is St. Augustine, which is typically recommended for places that do not get a lot of traffic. St. Augustine grass is high-maintenance and requires frequent mowing, fertilizing, and watering. This type of sod prefers to be in the sun, but it can tolerate some shade as well.
Cool Season Grasses
Climates that support cool season grasses best are those with very cold winters and warm summers without extended periods of high temperatures.
Kentucky Bluegrass: Kentucky bluegrass is one of the most popular types of cool weather grasses. Not only does it tolerate cold weather well, it also tolerates high traffic, making it a good choice for homes with children or pets. While this type of sod is hardy, it does not do well in shady areas or in soil high in salt.
Fine Fescue: Fine fescue is another type of grass that can survive in very cold temperatures. It is also drought resistant and can tolerate complete shade. However, this type of grass does not handle traffic well and would not be good for homes with pets or children who regularly use the yard.
The type of sod you decide to plant for your home landscape will depend on factors, such as climate, the amount of traffic your yard receives, and the amount of sun your lawn gets. These are only a few types of warm and cool season grasses you may want to consider for your lawn.
Farmers or people with serious green thumbs may not always have great luck with having “perfect” grass for planting or harvesting can still do it with sod. Sod is a great substitute that has its own roots and vibrant grass. However, laying sod means doing it at the right time and after the proper soil care has been implemented for a better result.
It is known that it is not practical to have frozen lawn for sod-laying because the sod will become hard and frozen, not allowing the sod to properly survive and flourish. The best time to lay sod is pretty much any time of the year as long as there is no frost or snow on the ground. For an even better result, wait until late summer or early fall to lay sod because the lawn’s soil is cool, which prevents over-watering. Same goes for laying sod in the spring time because of the rain, which again prevents over-watering. If one wants to do the sod-laying during the summer months where the temperatures are high, they can, just make sure to water the sod so the lawn would not dry up, which in turn, can ruin the sod with the dryness.
Not only that, it is also imperative to treat the lawn’s soil in preparation for the sod to be laid beforehand so the roots from the sod can better grow and become blended with everything under and around it. Also, it helps to lay sod as soon as it is received to prevent drying out. If one wants to wait to lay sod after receiving, store it in a cool, moist place, and keep it rolled up.
Depending upon where you live in the United States, the type of grass in your yard will vary. Because different parts of the country have different climates, different types of grass need to be used. In states like Florida where the weather is hot in the summer and not too cold in the winter, grasses like St. Augustine grass tends to be popular. St. Augustine grass is a fast-growing grass that is best adapted to warm humid areas that are not exposed to periods of cold weather.
Because St. Augustine grass cannot be purchased in seed form, it can only be planted as sod, sprigs or plugs. During the winter months any newly planted St. Augustine sod should be watered frequently to prevent desiccation. Although this type of grass does not need to be fertilized, it is important to do a soil sample every couple of years to check its nutrient content. St. Augustine grass does not grow rapidly in the winter so frequent mowing is not necessary during this time. During the winter months is it good to apply herbicides to control weeds such as winter annual broadleaf weeds.
If you are interested in getting St. Augustine sod delivered to you, contact RealTree, Inc. at 321-309-9000 to find out more.
When it comes to grass, everyone wants green lawns, easy maintenance, and less watering. Different types of grass have unique visual appeal, thickness, maintenance, and growth habits. The most common forms of lawn grass include: Centipede, Bermuda, St. Augustine, and Zoysia. Below are a few characteristics you should consider before choosing the best grass for your landscape.